The role of Bartolomé de Las Casas in the history of the United States of He served as a soldier and public official at various places in the West Indies and was. Bartolomé de Las Casas was a missionary, Dominican theologian, historian, and Las Casas’s massive History of the Indies, finished in manuscript during. History of the Indies (European perspectives) [Bartolomé de las Casas] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. nothing additional.
|Published (Last):||14 August 2015|
|PDF File Size:||10.62 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||13.96 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Badly frustrated in Chiapas, Las Casas returned to Spain for good in AroundLas Casas traveled to Hispaniola to live.
Some recent estimates of the population of the mainland and islands argue that the loss of life was originally higher than even Las Casas believed, and so the decline was much steeper than he estimated. With a missionary conviction that his truth could not be negotiated, he proclaimed, “All peoples of the earth are men. It has also been noted that exaggeration of numbers was the norm in writing in 16th-century accounts, and both contemporary detractors and supporters of Las Casas were guilty of similar exaggerations.
In a pastoral letter histkry on March 20,Las Casas refused absolution to slave owners and encomenderos even on their death bed, unless all their slaves had been set free and their property returned to them. Archived from the original on September 23, Father Bartolome de las Casas. For other uses, see Las Casas disambiguation.
Bartolomé de las Casas – Wikipedia
He claimed that the Indians had no ruler, and no laws, so any civilized man could legitimately appropriate them. This was meant simply to halt the decimation of the Indian population and to give the surviving Indians time to reconstitute themselves. Thank You for Your Contribution! Spanish patriots condemned Las Casas for helping create with his tireless propaganda a “Black Legend” that Spaniards were exceptionally cruel.
His orations were published as In Defense of the Xasas. The second was a change in the labor policy so that instead of a colonist owning the labor of specific Indians, he would have a right to man-hours, to be carried out by no specific persons. However, the reforms were so unpopular back in the New World that riots broke out and threats were made against Las Casas’s life. Benavente casae indignantly how Las Casas had once denied baptism to an aging Indian who had walked many leagues to receive it, only on the grounds that he did not believe that the man had ihstory sufficient doctrinal instruction.
With the support of the archbishop of Toledo, Las Casas was named priest-procurator of the Indies in Translated and edited by Stafford Poole.
Las Casas returned to Spain four times, in attempts to save the Indians from the cruelties of the Spanish conquest and to find new methods to convert them to Christianity. From the Baroque to the Modern, — 1st Verso pbk [ printing] ed. Some historians such as Castro argue that he was more of a politician than a humanitarian and that his liberation policies were always combined with schemes to make colonial extraction of resources from the natives more efficient.
Las Casas suggested a plan where the encomienda would be abolished and Indians would be congregated into self-governing townships to become tribute-paying vassals of the King. These years were to be crucial both for Las Casas and for the nature of Spanish-Indian relations. His last great success occurred inwhen Peruvian conquistadores offered 8 million ducats to Philip II in exchange for perpetual encomiendas.
The plan ended in disaster, but Las Casas did not give up. Each town would have a royal hospital built with four wings in the shape of a cross, where up to sick Indians could be cared for at a time.
His efforts to enforce the New Laws were met with stiff resistance by many colonists. During this time the Hieronimytes had time to form a more pragmatic view of the situation than the one advocated by Las Casas; their position was precarious as every encomendero on the Islands was fiercely against any attempts to curtail their use of native labour. See background of Spain’s Entry into the New World.
Bartolomé de Las Casas | The Core Curriculum
University of New Mexico Press. He was buried in the convent chapel of Our Lady of Atocha in Madrid.
Approaches to Las Casas, —”. Contact our caaas with your feedback. Juan Friede and Benjamin Keen, eds. The tragic outcome of Las Casas’s great mainland adventure made him turn his life in a new direction.
Bartolomé de Las Casas
Before Las Casas returned to Spain, he was also appointed as Bishop of Chiapasa newly established diocese of which he took possession in upon his return to the New World. He intervened with the head of the Dominican priests to look for the solution to problem of the indigenous peoples. One of the stated purposes for writing the account was Las Casas’s fear of Spain coming under divine punishment and his concern for the souls of the native peoples.
Historia y obra desconocidas. Those who remained were quickly enslaved.
Also inbefore venturing into Tuzulutlan, Las Casas went to OaxacaMexicoto participate in a series of discussions and debates among the bishops of the Dominican and Franciscan orders.
But the prophet was unbending: Perhaps the first person in America to receive holy ordershe was ordained cssas priest in either or In Las Casas quit school and sailed to the West Indies. InLas Casas was studying a passage in the book Ecclesiasticus Sirach  tje Some 10 years later he commenced work on the Historia de las Indias History of the Indies.
He gained nothing with that interview. As a result, in he gave up his Indian slaves and encomiendaand advocated, before King Charles V, Holy Roman Emperoron behalf of rights for the natives.
In the s he began to publish a series of writings about Spanish massacres of native communities and other atrocities that he claimed to have witnessed.